East India covering the eastern region of India consist of the states of West Bengal , Jharkhand , Bihar , Odisha and also the Union Territories of Andaman & Nicobar Island , Arunachal Pradesh , Meghalaya , Assam , Tripura , Nagaland , Manipur , Mizoram .The temperature in the eastern region in India ranges from 14 degree to 35 degree celcius degree throughout the year .The eastern region of the country has been a house of many ancient dynasties like Nanda , Kalinga , Gupta , pala . The capital of West Bengal is Kolkata , which is a metropolitan city and is the 1st capital of the country during the British Empire .Based on the eastern bank of the Hooghly river and is still has the oldest operating port of India . Kolkata has a famous bridge named as Howrah Bridge , made in 1943 and is treated as the symbol of Kolkata and west Bengal. " The Indian Independence movement originated from the Eastern states of the country .The coastal region of Bay Of Bengal is also the house of large forest areas known as Worldwide famous Sunderbans ( Also marked as the World heritage site by UNESCO ) which is located in the delta region of Padma , Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers
Kolkata is also the house of 5 famous Nobel Prize Winners are Sir Ronald Rose , Rabindranath Tagore , CV Raman , Mother Teresa and Amartya Sen . .Jharkhand is famous for its rich mineral resources in the country like Gold , Silver , Graphite , coal , iron , copper , Uranium . Jharkhand has a city named as Dhanbad , which is famous for its Coal mining and is known to be the Coal Capital Of India . Odisha is famous for its temples predominantly in the capital city of Bhubaneswar .Arunachal Pradesh is known to be the best location for Fruit orchards and horticulture.